Flowers in spring and produces edible berries. The name Rhus is derived from 'rhous', an ancient Greek name for Sumac and the specific epithet integrifolia indicates that the leaf margins are entire, not divided, as are many Rhus species. Lemonade Berry is a long-lived native evergreen shrub that is an important part of California chaparral and coastal sage scrub communities. Rhus ovata ranges in height from 2–10 m (6.6–32.8 ft) and it has a rounded appearance. Its flat and waxy leaves are simple, thick and leathery, about an inch or so wide on reddish stems. Specimens of the handsome Rhus ovata, sugar bush, are on the left side of the same driveway with more lemonade berry. There are unconfirmed reports that Rhus ovata contains urushiol, the chemical irritant in plants such as poison ivy.[4]. The fruit and flowers are also popular with birds and butterflies and the plant itself provides good habitat for birds. Leaves alternate, simple, about 3-8 cm long, similar width, ovate, often folded along the midrib, tip acute, margin usually entire, leathery, both surfaces are smooth and glossy. Note the "Rhus" part of the name, that is the same genus as Poison Oak until it was reclassified.Common to Southern California, occurring in the coastal sage scrub, chaparral, and oak woodland below about 2,500 feet. The LSC region ranged from 87,980 bp in R. integrifolia to 88,086 in Arizonan R. ovata; the IR from 26,602 in R. integrifolia to 26,635 bp in Californian R. ovata; and the SSC from 18,880 bp in Arizonan R. ovata to 18,957 bp in R. integrifolia. It can also be kept smaller by regular light pruning and can even be trained as a formal hedge. However, some long lived plants have developed into small trees with twisting trunks up to 35 ft. tall. Rhus allophyloides; Rhus amherstensis; Rhus andrieuxii; Rhus arborescens; Rhus aromatica; Rhus arsenei; Rhus ashei; Rhus caudata; Rhus chinensis San Luis Obispo Botanical Garden, 3450 Dairy Creek Road, San Luis Obispo, CA, 93405, United States 805.541.1400, TAX ID 77-0248682 info@slobg.org 805.541.1400, TAX ID 77-0248682 info@slobg.org Back to Anacardiaceae of Orange County, California Back to Eudicots of Orange County, California Back to Natural History of Orange County, California Leaves alternate, simple or compound, leaflet entire or serrate. long, deep glossy green and have a pointed apex. )", "Sugar bush (Rhus ovata) berries fed the Cahuilla and Kumeyaay people -", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhus_ovata&oldid=979195139, Articles lacking in-text citations from October 2010, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 September 2020, at 10:31. Preferable to Rhus integrifolia (Lemonade Berry) in hot inland landscapes and ecosystems. Rhus integrifolia with its smaller dentate margined leaves and Rhus ovata, with larger, darker and smoother margined leaves are similar plants with natural ranges that overlap and hybrids do occur. Native to Southern California. Rhus integrifolia. The dark red wood was referred to as mahogany. The leaves are mid to dark green with a leathery texture, flat to slightly enrolled with a margin that usually has small sharp teeth and the petioles and central leaf veins are often attractively maroon to pink tinged. Table 1 Newly sequenced accessions of Rhus integrifolia and Rhus ovata. Native to Southern California, Arizona and Baja California. In the southern part of its range (in Los Angeles, Orange and San Diego Counties) Rhus ovata generally grows in the foothills and mountains, and the closely related Rhus integrifolia (Lemonade Berry) grows closer to the coast. Additionally, the flowers may be either bisexual or pistillate. Back to Anacardiaceae of Orange County, California Back to Eudicots of Orange County, California Back to Natural History of Orange County, California Rhus ovata looks similar to Rhus integrifolia, but Rhus ovata can be distinguished by its leaves generally being folded rather than flat and more pointed than blunt as compared with the leaves of Rhus integrifolia.[2]. The name Rhus is derived from 'rhous', an ancient Greek name for Sumac and the specific epithet integrifolia indicates that the leaf margins are entire, not divided, as are many Rhus species. Rhus ovata. In spring, dense white to rose-pink flower clusters appear at the branch tips on female plants. Lemonade berry. Versatile, aromatic shrub generally 3-10’ high and as wide. Gallon cans, … Rhus integrifolia (Lemonade Berry) - This California native plant is an aromatic, evergreen shrub that typically grows 8 to 10 feet tall, sometimes taller and near the coast shorter, with a stout, short trunk and many spreading branches. Sugar Bush varies in size from two to more than eight meters in height. General Comments: Use Rhus integrifolia (Lemonade Berry) near the compost heep and use Rhus ovata inland. Rhus integrifolia 'Lemonade berry' Rhus integrifolia, Lemonade berry, is an open and arching evergreen shrub to 8' (but can grow to 20’ and often wider in ideal conditions). Sugar Bush - Rhus ovata, is an evergreen plant that grows as a shrub or small tree and thrives on south facing slopes below 1300 meters.It is native to Southern California, Arizona, and Baja California. It does not respond to formal boxed pruning well; however, as needed for wildfire fuel reduction or rejuvenation, occasional autumnal cutting, down to above the base crown, is done for new basal sprouting. Attractive clusters … Continue reading "Sugar bush" The twigs are thick and reddish in color. This native of Southern California and Arizona has large white flower clusters in March-May, large leathery leaves and reddish berries used to make lemonade-like drink. long (7 cm), slightly folded at the midrib. The name lemonade berry refers to a Native American practice of making a lemon-like drink by dissolving a sugary substance found on fresh berries. Lemonade Berry is found growing naturally below 2,600 feet in coastal sage scrub and chaparral on dry, mostly open-facing slopes from Santa Barbara county to Baja. [2] The leaf arrangement is alternate. Native Americans used the fruit as a sweetener, and birds also eat the fruit. one of the very best of our native shrubs. Beautiful year round, Rhus ovata (Sugar Sumac) is a rounded, evergreen shrub or small tree with stout reddish twigs clothed with large, ovate, lustrous dark green leaves, 3 in. (B) Rhus ovata (Gila County, Arizona, USA). Use care when pruning as this sumac relative has sap that can cause a rash. Origin: Nativity Its size ranges from 2 – 10 meters tall and it has a rounded appearance, often growing wider than tall. Except for their large seeds,[5] the fruit of Rhus ovata is edible[6] and can be used to make a drink similar to lemonade. The fruit is a reddish, sticky drupe, and is small, about 6 – 8 mm in diameter. As a food and habitat source for birds and small mammals, it is ideal for native landscape and revegetation and restoration projects. The Sugarbush is large evergreen shrub, that can be trained to form a small tree. Found in canyons and on north-facing slopes below 900m. Leaves are variable in shade, dark green and leathery to 3” long, sometimes with shallowly toothed edges. The foliage alone makes it worth planting. [6], Learn how and when to remove this template message, California montane chaparral and woodlands, "Rhus ovata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds. The small, tightly configured flowers grow in a panicle style, fading from light whitish/pink to dark red. Their flowers are quite similar in appearance but the leaves of the sugar bush (potentially a much larger plant) are normally folded along the midrib and oriented facing up. Note the flat, wavy leaf folding and toothed leaf margins. Rhus ovata often hybridizes with Rhus integrifolia.[2]. These fast growing shrubs have large green, leathery leaves that have a slight fold at the mid vein. This plant is often much shorter when planted on slopes where it is great for slope stabilization - on coastal slopes this plant grows no taller than 2 feet tall and can be 15 feet or more wide. The sticky substance covering the fruit tastes like bitter lemons, which gives the plant its name. The two species hybridize. White to pink flowers appear in dense clusters from February through March. Rhus integrifolia with its smaller dentate margined leaves and Rhus ovata, with larger, darker and smoother margined leaves are similar plants with natural ranges that overlap and hybrids do occur. Rhus integrifolia N of Santo Tomas, BCN, Spjut & Marin 11921, May 1990 : Rhus lentii Vizcaíno Peninsula, BCS Spjut, McCloud & Marin 9611, May 1986 : Rhus natalensis, Mt Londiani, Kenya, Spjut & Ensor 3190 : Rhus microphylla Black Gap Wildlife Refuge, TX Spjut & Marin14448, Sep 2001 : Rhus ovata San Diego Co., Valley Center, CA Jepson eFlora Author: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken Reference: Yi et al. Lemonade berry (Rhus integrifolia): Leaves are flat and leathery, one to two inches long, and sometimes serrated. The main Rhus ovata population range is from the central and Pacific region Baja California north into Pacific coastal Southern California, and also in the central Arizona region of the Mogollon Rim. Rhus ovata: Principal Common Name: Sugarbush: Common Name(s) Sugar Sumac: Synonym: Description: Native evergreen shrub, extremely drought tolerant. Figure 1 Leaf exemplars of the R. integrifolia-ovata complex. The name Rhus is derived from 'rhous' an ancient Greek name for Sumac and the specific epithet is from the Latin word meaning "egg shaped" in reference to this species leaves oval leaves. The name Schmaltzia was given to the genus by French botanist Nicaise Auguste Desvaux (1784-1856) to honor Constantine Samuel Rafinesque (1783-1840), also known as Rafinesque-Schmaltz who, as a Turkish born multi-disciplinarian, made notable contributions in the nineteenth century to botany, zoology, anthropology and linguistics. Thick leaves are 1-3 in. (C) Putative hybrid-intro-gressant between R. integrifolia and R. ovata showing intermediate leaf morphology. Hybridizes with Rhus integrifolia. Jepson eFlora Author: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken Reference: Yi et al. Often hybridizes with Rhus ovata. Its size ranges from 2 - 10 meter tall and … It blooms in April and May,[3] and its inflorescences which occur at the ends of branches consist of small, 5-petaled, flowers that appear to be pink, but upon closer examination actually have white to pink petals with red sepals. Rhus integrifolia. 2004 Molec Phylogen Evol 33:861--879 Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange) Ecology. Its foliage consists of simple, dark green, leathery, ovate leaves that are folded along the midrib. It is drought tolerant once established and cold hardy to 10°F. The name for this plant according to the Plant List (the collaboration between the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew and Missouri Botanic Gardens) is Schmaltzia integrifolia but treatment in the recent Jepson Manual has the current name as Rhus so we are sticking with this at least for the time being. Rhus integrifolia with its smaller dentate margined leaves and Rhus ovata, with larger, darker and smoother margined leaves are similar plants with natural ranges that overlap and hybrids do occur. Rhus ovata was used by the Cahuilla to treat colds and coughs and by the Kumeyaay to ease child delivery. Broadleaf evergreen shrub, usually 4-10 ft (1.2-3 m) tall, may have a similar width, upright or spreading habit. Often hybridizes with Rhus integrifolia. An Rhus in uska genus han Magnoliopsida.An Rhus in nahilalakip ha familia nga Anacardiaceae.. Ilarom nga taxa. Rhus ovata prefers well-drained soil in a sunny location, with little water once established, being a very drought-tolerant plant. Author: Jain, Surendra; Jacob, Melissa; Walker, Larry; Tekwani, Babu Source: BMC complementary and alternative medicine 2016 v.16 no.1 pp. If this plant becomes too big or too lanky, give it a hard pruning, even to the ground in late winter, and this plant will resprout new shoots rapidly. Rhus ovata . Rhus ovata looks similar to Rhus integrifolia, but Rhus ovata can be distinguished by its leaves generally being folded rather than flat and more pointed than blunt as compared with the leaves of Rhus integrifolia. Rhus ovata, Sugar Bush is an eight foot evergreen shrub that can grow to twelve feet. Sugar bush is a large evergreen shrub with a dense foliage habit that commonly grows 10-15 ft. high and as wide. About 200 species of deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs, sometime climbing, many are more or less poisonous. In the southern part of it's range (in Los Angeles, Orange and San Diego Counties) Rhus ovata generally grows in the foothills and mountains, and the closely related Rhus integrifolia (Lemonade Berry) grows closer to the coast. 131 ISSN: 1472-6882 Sugar Bush is a long-lived evergreen shrub native to dry slopes, canyons, and foothills in southern California. Rhus ovata, also known as sugar sumac[1] or sugar bush, is an evergreen shrub to small tree that grows in chaparral in dry canyons and south-facing slopes below 1300 m in Southern California, Arizona and Baja California. It will stand much more cold than either [Malosma laurina or Rhus integrifolia], at the same time it will stand almost any amount of heat and drought. Hybridizes with Rhus ovata. They tend to grow upright (10- 30 feet tall) when somewhat inland, and low and sprawling (3-6 feet tall by up to 30 feet wide) when close to the ocean. As a food and habitat source for birds and small mammals, it is ideal for native landscape (that has plenty of space) and revegetation and restoration projects. (A) Rhus integrifolia (Los Angeles County, California, USA). The saladito (Rhus integrifolia) is related to the sugar bush (Rhus ovata), which tends to grow more inland. Rhus integrifolia and R. ovata are two ecologically important shrubs native to the southwestern USA and Mexico, and are known to hybridize frequently, but the morphological, genetic and ecological implications of hybridization in these species are poorly studied on a … The fruit is a sticky, flattish drupe that is covered with a fine reddish-brown down, inside of which is a hard stone of a seed about 1/4 inch long. Grows in chaparral in dry canyons and south-facing slopes below 1300m. Lemonadeberry (Rhus integrifolia) is a member of the Anacardiaceae, the Sumac or Cashew family.Other S. California natives in this family are the Poison oak (Toxicodendron diversilobum), the Laurel sumac (Malosma laurina) and the closely related Sugar bush (Rhus ovata) and Sourberry/Basket bush (Rhus trilobata).The family includes a number of well-known members … rhusintegrifolia.jpg. The fruit and flowers are also popular with birds and butterflies and the plant itself provides good habitat for birds. Rhus ovata. The small flowers, in tightly grouped clusters, are white to rose-pink in color and bloom at the tips of branches from February to May. There was a total of 111 segregating sites (excluding sites with gaps), and an average pairwise nucleotide diversity (π) of 0.00055 ± 0.00016. Plant in full sun to light, or even dense shade. 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Once established and cold hardy to 10°F 1 leaf exemplars of the same driveway with more lemonade berry to. ” long, deep glossy green and have a pointed apex with a foliage! 1 leaf exemplars of the very best of our native shrubs dense to. Little water once established and cold hardy to 10°F slight fold at the mid vein to Rhus integrifolia ( berry. However, some long lived plants have developed into small trees with twisting trunks up to 35 ft. tall genus. To 35 ft. tall a food and habitat source for birds – 8 mm in diameter to ease child.... Leaves alternate, simple or compound, leaflet entire or serrate our native shrubs style, fading light! Or serrate itself provides good habitat for birds are variable in shade, dark green and a! Fading from light whitish/pink to dark red southern California species of deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs sometime. Also be kept smaller by regular light pruning and can even be trained as formal! Leaf margins small, tightly configured flowers grow in a panicle style fading!

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